Epileptic seizures are clinical conditions that occur as abnormal and intense electrical discharges of brain cells, with or without altered mental status. It is commonly known as epilepsy (Sara). Epilepsy is the second most common chronic neurological condition by neurologists, after headache. Seizure is not the diagnosis of a disease. It is a serious symptom or finding. A person may have a one-off epileptic seizure at some point in his or her life.
Epilepsy is diagnosed if the seizures recur in certain characteristics over time, sometimes spontaneously and sometimes on the basis of triggering factors. Epilepsy whose incidence is the same in males and females, is mostly seen in young people and elderly people.
EEG is the primary method of examination used in the follow-up and treatment of epilepsy. Treatment of epilepsy is performed by neurologists through antiepileptic drugs selected according to the age of the patient, other diseases and type of seizure. Some patients may use long-term or even life-long epilepsy medications. The most important point in drug treatment is the regular and planned use of drugs. Epilepsy surgery may be considered in patients with drug resistance.
The information on this page has been prepared by the Moodist Psychiatry and Neurology Hospital Medical Team.